colSums {base}R Documentation

Form Row and Column Sums and Means

Description

Form row and column sums and means for numeric arrays.

Usage

colSums (x, na.rm = FALSE, dims = 1)
rowSums (x, na.rm = FALSE, dims = 1)
colMeans(x, na.rm = FALSE, dims = 1)
rowMeans(x, na.rm = FALSE, dims = 1)

Arguments

x an array of two or more dimensions, containing numeric, complex, integer or logical values, or a numeric data frame.
na.rm logical. Should missing values (including NaN) be omitted from the calculations?
dims Which dimensions are regarded as “rows” or “columns” to sum over. For row*, the sum or mean is over dimensions dims+1, ...; for col* it is over dimensions 1:dims.

Details

These functions are equivalent to use of apply with FUN = mean or FUN = sum with appropriate margins, but are a lot faster. As they are written for speed, they blur over some of the subtleties of NaN and NA. If na.rm = FALSE and either NaN or NA appears in a sum, the result will be one of NaN or NA, but which might be platform-dependent.

Value

A numeric or complex array of suitable size, or a vector if the result is one-dimensional. The dimnames (or names for a vector result) are taken from the original array.
If there are no values in a range to be summed over (after removing missing values with na.rm = TRUE), that component of the output is set to 0 (*Sums) or NA (*Means), consistent with sum and mean.

See Also

apply, rowsum

Examples

## Compute row and column sums for a matrix:
x <- cbind(x1 = 3, x2 = c(4:1, 2:5))
rowSums(x); colSums(x)
dimnames(x)[[1]] <- letters[1:8]
rowSums(x); colSums(x); rowMeans(x); colMeans(x)
x[] <- as.integer(x)
rowSums(x); colSums(x)
x[] <- x < 3
rowSums(x); colSums(x)
x <- cbind(x1 = 3, x2 = c(4:1, 2:5))
x[3, ] <- NA; x[4, 2] <- NA
rowSums(x); colSums(x); rowMeans(x); colMeans(x)
rowSums(x, na.rm = TRUE); colSums(x, na.rm = TRUE)
rowMeans(x, na.rm = TRUE); colMeans(x, na.rm = TRUE)

## an array
dim(UCBAdmissions)
rowSums(UCBAdmissions); rowSums(UCBAdmissions, dims = 2)
colSums(UCBAdmissions); colSums(UCBAdmissions, dims = 2)

## complex case
x <- cbind(x1 = 3 + 2i, x2 = c(4:1, 2:5) - 5i)
x[3, ] <- NA; x[4, 2] <- NA
rowSums(x); colSums(x); rowMeans(x); colMeans(x)
rowSums(x, na.rm = TRUE); colSums(x, na.rm = TRUE)
rowMeans(x, na.rm = TRUE); colMeans(x, na.rm = TRUE)

[Package base version 2.1.0 Index]