rect {graphics}R Documentation

Draw One or More Rectangles

Description

rect draws a rectangle (or sequence of rectangles) with the given coordinates, fill and border colors.

Usage

rect(xleft, ybottom, xright, ytop, density = NULL, angle = 45,
     col = NULL, border = NULL, lty = NULL, lwd = par("lwd"),
     xpd = NULL, ...)

Arguments

xleft a vector (or scalar) of left x positions.
ybottom a vector (or scalar) of bottom y positions.
xright a vector (or scalar) of right x positions.
ytop a vector (or scalar) of top y positions.
density the density of shading lines, in lines per inch. The default value of NULL means that no shading lines are drawn. A zero value of density means no shading lines whereas negative values (and NA) suppress shading (and so allow color filling).
angle angle (in degrees) of the shading lines.
col color(s) to fill or shade the rectangle(s) with. The default NULL, or also NA do not fill, i.e., draw transparent rectangles, unless density is specified.
border color for rectangle border(s). Can also be FALSE to suppress the border, or TRUE in which case col is used.
lty line type for borders and shading; defaults to "solid".
lwd line width for borders and shading.
xpd logical (“expand”); defaults to par("xpd"). See par(xpd= ).
... other graphical parameters can be given as arguments.

Details

The positions supplied, i.e., xleft, ..., are relative to the current plotting region. If the x-axis goes from 100 to 200 then xleft must be larger than 100 and xright must be less than 200.

It is a primitive function used in hist, barplot, legend, etc.

See Also

box for the “standard” box around the plot; polygon and segments for flexible line drawing.

par for how to specify colors.

Examples

## set up the plot region:
op <- par(bg = "thistle")
plot(c(100, 250), c(300, 450), type = "n", xlab="", ylab="",
     main = "2 x 11 rectangles; 'rect(100+i,300+i,  150+i,380+i)'")
i <- 4*(0:10)
## draw rectangles with bottom left (100, 300)+i and top right (150, 380)+i
rect(100+i, 300+i, 150+i, 380+i, col=rainbow(11, start=.7,end=.1))
rect(240-i, 320+i, 250-i, 410+i, col=heat.colors(11), lwd=i/5)
## Background alternating  ( transparent / "bg" ) :
j <- 10*(0:5)
rect(125+j, 360+j,   141+j, 405+j/2, col = c(NA,0), border = "gold", lwd = 2)
rect(125+j, 296+j/2, 141+j, 331+j/5, col = c(NA,"midnightblue"))
mtext("+  2 x 6 rect(*, col = c(NA,0)) and  col = c(NA,\"m..blue\"))")

## an example showing colouring and shading
plot(c(100, 200), c(300, 450), type= "n", xlab="", ylab="")
rect(100, 300, 125, 350) # transparent
rect(100, 400, 125, 450, col="green", border="blue") # coloured
rect(115, 375, 150, 425, col=par("bg"), border="transparent")
rect(150, 300, 175, 350, density=10, border="red")
rect(150, 400, 175, 450, density=30, col="blue",
     angle=-30, border="transparent")

legend(180, 450, legend=1:4, fill=c(NA, "green", par("fg"), "blue"),
       density=c(NA, NA, 10, 30), angle=c(NA, NA, 30, -30))

par(op)

[Package graphics version 2.1.0 Index]