qqmath {lattice}R Documentation

Q-Q Plot with Theoretical Distribution


Quantile-Quantile plot of a sample and a theoretical distribution


qqmath(formula, distribution = qnorm, f.value = NULL, ...)


formula formula of the form ~ x | g1 * g2 * ..., where x must be a numeric.
distribution a quantile function that takes a vector of probabilities as argument and produces the corresponding quantiles. Possible values are qnorm, qunif etc. Distributions with other required arguments need to be passed in as user defined functions. This is also passed in as an argument to the panel function (though not used by the default panel function), and the prepanel function if specified, for use in the commonly used (pre)panel.qqmathline.
f.value optional function of a single integer (representing sample size), returning a vector of probabilities corresponding to which quantiles should be plotted. The typical value for this argument is ppoints, which is also the S-PLUS default. If specified, the probabilities generated by this function is used for the plotted quantiles, using the quantile function for the sample, and the distribution argument for the theoretical distribution.
f.value defaults to NULL, which has the effect of using ppoints for the quantiles of the theoretical distribution, but the exact data values for the sample. This is similar to what happens for qqnorm.
... Other arguments


qqmath produces a Q-Q plot of the given sample and a theoretical distribution. The default behaviour of qqmath is different from the corresponding S-PLUS function, but is similar to qqnorm. See the entry for f.value for specifics.

This and all other high level Trellis functions have several arguments in common. These are extensively documented only in the help page for xyplot, which should be consulted to learn more detailed usage.


An object of class ``trellis''. The `update' method can be used to update components of the object and the `print' method (usually called by default) will plot it on an appropriate plotting device.


Deepayan Sarkar Deepayan.Sarkar@R-project.org

See Also

xyplot, panel.qqmath, panel.qqmathline, prepanel.qqmathline, Lattice, quantile


qqmath(~ rnorm(100), distribution = function(p) qt(p, df = 10))
qqmath(~ height | voice.part, aspect = 1, data = singer,
       prepanel = prepanel.qqmathline,
       panel = function(x, y) {
          panel.qqmathline(y, distribution = qnorm)
          panel.qqmath(x, y)

[Package lattice version 0.11-6 Index]