nlrq {quantreg}R Documentation

Function to compute nonlinear quantile regression estimates

Description

This function implements an R version of an interior point method for computing the solution to quantile regression problems which are nonlinear in the parameters. The algorithm is based on interior point ideas described in Koenker and Park (1994).

Usage

nlrq(formula, data=parent.frame(), start, tau=0.5, 
        control, trace=FALSE,method="L-BFGS-B")

Arguments

formula formula for model in nls format; accept self-starting models
data an optional data frame in which to evaluate the variables in `formula'
start a named list or named numeric vector of starting estimates
tau a vector of quantiles to be estimated
control an optional list of control settings. See `nlrq.control' for the names of the settable control values and their effect.
trace logical value indicating if a trace of the iteration progress should be printed. Default is `FALSE'. If `TRUE' intermediary results are printed at the end of each iteration.
method method passed to optim for line search, default is "L-BFGS-B" but for some problems "BFGS" may be preferable. See optim for further details. Note that the algorithm wants to pass upper and lower bounds for the line search to optim, which is fine for the L-BFGS-B method. Use of other methods will produce warnings about these arguments – so users should proceed at their own risk.

Details

An `nlrq' object is a type of fitted model object. It has methods for the generic functions `coef' (parameters estimation at best solution), `formula' (model used), `deviance' (value of the objective function at best solution), `print', `summary', `fitted' (vector of fitted variable according to the model), `predict' (vector of data points predicted by the model, using a different matrix for the independent variables) and also for the function `tau' (quantile used for fitting the model, as the tau argument of the function). Further help is also available for the method `residuals'.

Value

A list consisting of:

m an `nlrqModel' object similar to an `nlsModel' in package nls
data the expression that was passed to `nlrq' as the data argument. The actual data values are present in the environment of the `m' component.

Author(s)

Based on S code by Roger Koenker modified for R and to accept models as specified by nls by Philippe Grosjean.

References

Koenker, R. and Park, B.J. (1994). An Interior Point Algorithm for Nonlinear Quantile Regression, Journal of Econometrics, 71(1-2): 265-283.

See Also

nlrq.control , residuals.nlrq

Examples

# build artificial data with multiplicative error
Dat <- NULL; Dat$x <- rep(1:25, 20)
set.seed(1)
Dat$y <- SSlogis(Dat$x, 10, 12, 2)*rnorm(500, 1, 0.1)
plot(Dat)
# fit first a nonlinear least-square regression
Dat.nls <- nls(y ~ SSlogis(x, Asym, mid, scal), data=Dat); Dat.nls
lines(1:25, predict(Dat.nls, newdata=list(x=1:25)), col=1)
# then fit the median using nlrq
Dat.nlrq <- nlrq(y ~ SSlogis(x, Asym, mid, scal), data=Dat, tau=0.5, trace=TRUE)
lines(1:25, predict(Dat.nlrq, newdata=list(x=1:25)), col=2)
# the 1st and 3rd quartiles regressions
Dat.nlrq <- nlrq(y ~ SSlogis(x, Asym, mid, scal), data=Dat, tau=0.25, trace=TRUE)
lines(1:25, predict(Dat.nlrq, newdata=list(x=1:25)), col=3)
Dat.nlrq <- nlrq(y ~ SSlogis(x, Asym, mid, scal), data=Dat, tau=0.75, trace=TRUE)
lines(1:25, predict(Dat.nlrq, newdata=list(x=1:25)), col=3)
# and finally "external envelopes" holding 95 percent of the data
Dat.nlrq <- nlrq(y ~ SSlogis(x, Asym, mid, scal), data=Dat, tau=0.025, trace=TRUE)
lines(1:25, predict(Dat.nlrq, newdata=list(x=1:25)), col=4)
Dat.nlrq <- nlrq(y ~ SSlogis(x, Asym, mid, scal), data=Dat, tau=0.975, trace=TRUE)
lines(1:25, predict(Dat.nlrq, newdata=list(x=1:25)), col=4)
leg <- c("least squares","median (0.5)","quartiles (0.25/0.75)",".95 band (0.025/0.975)")
legend(1, 12.5, legend=leg, lty=1, col=1:4)

[Package quantreg version 3.82 Index]