anova.glm {stats}R Documentation

Analysis of Deviance for Generalized Linear Model Fits

Description

Compute an analysis of deviance table for one or more generalized linear model fits.

Usage

## S3 method for class 'glm':
anova(object, ..., dispersion = NULL, test = NULL)

Arguments

object, ... objects of class glm, typically the result of a call to glm, or a list of objects for the "glmlist" method.
dispersion the dispersion parameter for the fitting family. By default it is obtained from glm.obj.
test a character string, (partially) matching one of "Chisq", "F" or "Cp". See stat.anova.

Details

Specifying a single object gives a sequential analysis of deviance table for that fit. That is, the reductions in the residual deviance as each term of the formula is added in turn are given in as the rows of a table, plus the residual deviances themselves.

If more than one object is specified, the table has a row for the residual degrees of freedom and deviance for each model. For all but the first model, the change in degrees of freedom and deviance is also given. (This only makes statistical sense if the models are nested.) It is conventional to list the models from smallest to largest, but this is up to the user.

The table will optionally contain test statistics (and P values) comparing the reduction in deviance for the row to the residuals. For models with known dispersion (e.g., binomial and Poisson fits) the chi-squared test is most appropriate, and for those with dispersion estimated by moments (e.g., gaussian, quasibinomial and quasipoisson fits) the F test is most appropriate. Mallows' Cp statistic is the residual deviance plus twice the estimate of sigma^2 times the residual degrees of freedom, which is closely related to AIC (and a multiple of it if the dispersion is known).

Value

An object of class "anova" inheriting from class "data.frame".

Warning

The comparison between two or more models by anova or anova.glmlist will only be valid if they are fitted to the same dataset. This may be a problem if there are missing values and R's default of na.action = na.omit is used, and anova.glmlist will detect this with an error.

References

Hastie, T. J. and Pregibon, D. (1992) Generalized linear models. Chapter 6 of Statistical Models in S eds J. M. Chambers and T. J. Hastie, Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole.

See Also

glm, anova.

drop1 for so-called ‘type II’ anova where each term is dropped one at a time respecting their hierarchy.

Examples

## --- Continuing the Example from  '?glm':

anova(glm.D93)
anova(glm.D93, test = "Cp")
anova(glm.D93, test = "Chisq")

[Package stats version 2.1.0 Index]