citEntry {utils}R Documentation

Writing Package CITATION Files

Description

The ‘CITATION’ file of R packages contains an annotated list of references that should be used for citing the packages.

Usage

citEntry(entry, textVersion, header = NULL, footer = NULL, ...)
citHeader(...)
citFooter(...)
readCitationFile(file)

Arguments

entry a character string with a BibTeX entry type
textVersion a character string with a text representation of the reference
header a character string with optional header text
footer a character string with optional footer text
file a file name
... see details below

Details

The ‘CITATION’ file of an R package should be placed in the ‘inst’ subdirectory of the package source. The file is an R source file and may contain arbitrary R commands including conditionals and computations. The file is source()ed by the R parser in a temporary environment and all resulting objects of class "citation" (the return value of citEntry) are collected.

Typically the file will contain zero or more calls to citHeader, then one or more calls to citEntry, and finally zero or more calls to citFooter. citHeader and citFooter are simply wrappers to paste, and their ... argument is passed on to paste as is.

Value

citEntry returns an object of class "citation", readCitationFile returns an object of class "citationList".

Entry Types

citEntry creates "citation" objects, which are modeled after BibTeX entries. The entry should be a valid BibTeX entry type, e.g.,

article:
An article from a journal or magazine.
book:
A book with an explicit publisher.
inbook:
A part of a book, which may be a chapter (or section or whatever) and/or a range of pages.
incollection:
A part of a book having its own title.
inproceedings:
An article in a conference proceedings.
manual:
Technical documentation like a software manual.
mastersthesis:
A Master's thesis.
misc:
Use this type when nothing else fits.
phdthesis:
A PhD thesis.
proceedings:
The proceedings of a conference.
techreport:
A report published by a school or other institution, usually numbered within a series.
unpublished:
A document having an author and title, but not formally published.

Entry Fields

The ... argument of citEntry can be any number of BibTeX fields, including

address:
The address of the publisher or other type of institution.
author:
The name(s) of the author(s), either as a character string in the format described in the LaTeX book, or a personList object.
booktitle:
Title of a book, part of which is being cited.
chapter:
A chapter (or section or whatever) number.
editor:
Name(s) of editor(s), same format as author.
institution:
The publishing institution of a technical report.
journal:
A journal name.
note:
Any additional information that can help the reader. The first word should be capitalized.
number:
The number of a journal, magazine, technical report, or of a work in a series.
pages:
One or more page numbers or range of numbers.
publisher:
The publisher's name.
school:
The name of the school where a thesis was written.
series:
The name of a series or set of books.
title:
The work's title.
volume:
The volume of a journal or multi-volume book.
year:
The year of publication.

Examples

basecit <- system.file("CITATION", package="base")
source(basecit, echo=TRUE)
readCitationFile(basecit)

[Package utils version 2.1.0 Index]