read.fortran {utils}R Documentation

Read fixed-format data

Description

Read fixed-format data files using Fortran-style format specifications.

Usage

read.fortran(file, format, ..., as.is = TRUE, colClasses = NA)

Arguments

file File or connection to read from
format Character vector or list of vectors. See Details below.
... Other arguments for read.table
as.is Keep characters as characters?
colClasses Variable classes to override defaults. See read.table for details.

Details

The format for a field is of one of the following forms: rFl.d, rDl.d, rXl, rAl, rIl, where l is the number of columns, d is the number of decimal places, and r is the number of repeats. F and D are numeric formats, A is character, I is integer, and X indicates columns to be skipped. The repeat code r and decimal place code d are always optional. The length code l is required except for X formats when r is present.

For a single-line record, format should be a character vector. For a multiline record it should be a list with a character vector for each line.

Skipped (X) columns are not passed to read.table, so colClasses, col.names, and similar arguments passed to read.table should not reference these columns.

Value

A data frame

See Also

read.fwf, read.csv

Examples

ff <- tempfile()
cat(file=ff, "123456", "987654", sep="\n")
read.fortran(ff, c("F2.1","F2.0","I2"))
read.fortran(ff, c("2F1.0","2X","2A1"))
unlink(ff)
cat(file=ff, "123456AB", "987654CD", sep="\n")
read.fortran(ff, list(c("2F3.1","A2"), c("3I2","2X")))
unlink(ff)

[Package utils version 2.1.0 Index]