NA {base}R Documentation

Not Available / “Missing” Values

Description

NA is a logical constant of length 1 which contains a missing value indicator. NA can be freely coerced to any other vector type.

The generic function is.na indicates which elements are missing.

The generic function is.na<- sets elements to NA.

Usage

NA
is.na(x)
## S3 method for class 'data.frame':
is.na(x)

is.na(x) <- value

Arguments

x an R object to be tested.
value a suitable index vector for use with x.

Details

The NA of character type is as from R 1.5.0 distinct from the string "NA". Programmers who need to specify an explicit string NA should use as.character(NA) rather than "NA", or set elements to NA using is.na<-.

is.na(x) works elementwise when x is a list. The method dispatching is C-internal, rather than via UseMethod.

Function is.na<- may provide a safer way to set missingness. It behaves differently for factors, for example.

Value

The default method for is.na returns a logical vector of the same “form” as its argument x, containing TRUE for those elements marked NA or NaN (!) and FALSE otherwise. dim, dimnames and names attributes are preserved.
The method is.na.data.frame returns a logical matrix with the same dimensions as the data frame, and with dimnames taken from the row and column names of the data frame.

References

Becker, R. A., Chambers, J. M. and Wilks, A. R. (1988) The New S Language. Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole.

Chambers, J. M. (1998) Programming with Data. A Guide to the S Language. Springer.

See Also

NaN, is.nan, etc., and the utility function complete.cases.

na.action, na.omit, na.fail on how methods can be tuned to deal with missing values.

Examples

is.na(c(1, NA))        #> FALSE  TRUE
is.na(paste(c(1, NA))) #> FALSE FALSE

[Package base version 2.1.0 Index]