taskCallback {base}R Documentation

Add or remove a top-level task callback


addTaskCallback registers an R function that is to be called each time a top-level task is completed.

removeTaskCallback un-registers a function that was registered earlier via addTaskCallback.

These provide low-level access to the internal/native mechanism for managing task-completion actions. One can use taskCallbackManager at the S-language level to manage S functions that are called at the completion of each task. This is easier and more direct.


addTaskCallback(f, data = NULL, name = character(0))


f the function that is to be invoked each time a top-level task is successfully completed. This is called with 5 or 4 arguments depending on whether data is specified or not, respectively. The return value should be a logical value indicating whether to keep the callback in the list of active callbacks or discard it.
data if specified, this is the 5-th argument in the call to the callback function f.
id a string or an integer identifying the element in the internal callback list to be removed. Integer indices are 1-based, i.e the first element is 1. The names of currently registered handlers is available using getTaskCallbackNames and is also returned in a call to addTaskCallback.
name character: names to be used.


Top-level tasks are individual expressions rather than entire lines of input. Thus an input line of the form expression1 ; expression2 will give rise to 2 top-level tasks.

A top-level task callback is called with the expression for the top-level task, the result of the top-level task, a logical value indicating whether it was successfully completed or not (always TRUE at present), and a logical value indicating whether the result was printed or not. If the data argument was specified in the call to addTaskCallback, that value is given as the fifth argument.

The callback function should return a logical value. If the value is FALSE, the callback is removed from the task list and will not be called again by this mechanism. If the function returns TRUE, it is kept in the list and will be called on the completion of the next top-level task.


addTaskCallback returns an integer value giving the position in the list of task callbacks that this new callback occupies. This is only the current position of the callback. It can be used to remove the entry as long as no other values are removed from earlier positions in the list first.
removeTaskCallback returns a logical value indicating whether the specified element was removed. This can fail (i.e., return FALSE) if an incorrect name or index is given that does not correspond to the name or position of an element in the list.


This is an experimental feature and the interface may be changed in the future.

There is also C-level access to top-level task callbacks to allow C routines rather than R functions be used.

See Also

getTaskCallbackNames taskCallbackManager http://developer.r-project.org/TaskHandlers.pdf


 times <- function(total = 3, str="Task a") {
   ctr <- 0

   function(expr, value, ok, visible) {
    ctr <<- ctr + 1
    cat(str, ctr, "\n")
    if(ctr == total) {
      cat("handler removing itself\n")
    return(ctr < total)

 # add the callback that will work for
 # 4 top-level tasks and then remove itself.
 n <- addTaskCallback(times(4))

 # now remove it, assuming it is still first in the list.

## Not run: 
# There is no point in running this
# as 

## End(Not run)

[Package base version 2.5.0 Index]