beav2 {MASS}R Documentation

Body Temperature Series of Beaver 2

Description

Reynolds (1994) describes a small part of a study of the long-term temperature dynamics of beaver Castor canadensis in north-central Wisconsin. Body temperature was measured by telemetry every 10 minutes for four females, but data from a one period of less than a day for each of two animals is used there.

Usage

beav2

Format

The beav2 data frame has 100 rows and 4 columns. This data frame contains the following columns:

day
Day of observation (in days since the beginning of 1990), November 3-4.
time
Time of observation, in the form 0330 for 3.30am
temp
Measured body temperature in degrees Celcius
activ
Indicator of activity outside the retreat

Source

P. S. Reynolds (1994) Time-series analyses of beaver body temperatures. Chapter 11 of Lange, N., Ryan, L., Billard, L., Brillinger, D., Conquest, L. and Greenhouse, J. eds (1994) Case Studies in Biometry. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

References

Venables, W. N. and Ripley, B. D. (2002) Modern Applied Statistics with S. Fourth edition. Springer.

See Also

beav1

Examples

attach(beav2)
beav2$hours <- 24*(day-307) + trunc(time/100) + (time%%100)/60
plot(beav2$hours, beav2$temp, type = "l", xlab = "time",
   ylab = "temperature", main = "Beaver 2")
usr <- par("usr"); usr[3:4] <- c(-0.2, 8); par(usr = usr)
lines(beav2$hours, beav2$activ, type = "s", lty = 2)

temp <- ts(temp, start = 8+2/3, frequency = 6)
activ <- ts(activ, start = 8+2/3, frequency = 6)
acf(temp[activ == 0]); acf(temp[activ == 1]) # also look at PACFs
ar(temp[activ == 0]); ar(temp[activ == 1])

arima(temp, order = c(1,0,0), xreg = activ)
dreg <- cbind(sin = sin(2*pi*beav2$hours/24), cos = cos(2*pi*beav2$hours/24))
arima(temp, order = c(1,0,0), xreg = cbind(active=activ, dreg))

library(nlme)
beav2.gls <- gls(temp ~ activ, data = beav2, corr = corAR1(0.8),
                 method = "ML")
summary(beav2.gls)
summary(update(beav2.gls, subset = 6:100))
detach("beav2"); rm(temp, activ)

[Package MASS version 7.2-33 Index]