ellipsoidhull {cluster} | R Documentation |

Compute the “ellipsoid hull” or “spanning ellipsoid”, i.e. the ellipsoid of minimal volume (‘area’ in 2D) such that all given points lie just inside or on the boundary of the ellipsoid.

ellipsoidhull(x, tol=0.01, maxit=5000, ret.wt = FALSE, ret.sqdist = FALSE, ret.pr = FALSE) ## S3 method for class 'ellipsoid': print(x, digits = max(1, getOption("digits") - 2), ...)

`x` |
the n p-dimensional points asnumeric
n x p matrix. |

`tol` |
convergence tolerance for Titterington's algorithm.
Setting this to much smaller values may drastically increase the number of
iterations needed, and you may want to increas `maxit` as well. |

`maxit` |
integer giving the maximal number of iteration steps for the algorithm. |

`ret.wt, ret.sqdist, ret.pr` |
logicals indicating if additional
information should be returned, `ret.wt` specifying the
weights, `ret.sqdist` the and squared
distances`ret.pr` the final probabilities
in the algorithms. |

`digits,...` |
the usual arguments to `print` methods. |

The “spanning ellipsoid” algorithm is said to stem from
Titterington(1976), in Pison et al(1999) who use it for
`clusplot.default`

.

The problem can be seen as a special case of the “Min.Vol.”
ellipsoid of which a more more flexible and general implementation is
`cov.mve`

in the `MASS`

package.

an object of class `"ellipsoid"`

, basically a `list`

with several components, comprising at least

`cov` |
p x p covariance matrix description
the ellipsoid. |

`loc` |
p-dimensional location of the ellipsoid center. |

`d2` |
average squared radius. Further, d2 = t^2, where
t is “the value of a t-statistic on the ellipse
boundary” (from `ellipse` in the
ellipse package), and hence, more usefully,
`d2 = qchisq(alpha, df = p)` , where `alpha` is the
confidence level for p-variate normally distributed data with
location and covariance `loc` and `cov` to lie inside the
ellipsoid. |

`wt` |
the vector of weights iff `ret.wt` was true. |

`sqdist` |
the vector of squared distances iff `ret.sqdist` was true. |

`prob` |
the vector of algorithm probabilities iff `ret.pr` was true. |

`it` |
number of iterations used. |

`tol, maxit` |
just the input argument, see above. |

`eps` |
the achieved tolerance which is the maximal squared radius
minus p. |

`ierr` |
error code as from the algorithm; `0` means ok. |

`conv` |
logical indicating if the converged. This is defined as
`it < maxit && ierr == 0` . |

Martin Maechler did the present class implementation; Rousseeuw et al did the underlying code.

Pison, G., Struyf, A. and Rousseeuw, P.J. (1999)
Displaying a Clustering with CLUSPLOT,
*Computational Statistics and Data Analysis*, **30**, 381–392.

A version of this is available as technical report from
http://www.agoras.ua.ac.be/abstract/Disclu99.htm

D.N. Titterington. (1976)
Algorithms for computing {D}-optimal design on finite design spaces. In
*Proc. of the 1976 Conf. on Information Science and Systems*,
213–216; John Hopkins University.

`predict.ellipsoid`

which is also the
`predict`

method for `ellipsoid`

objects.
`volume.ellipsoid`

for an example of ‘manual’
`ellipsoid`

object construction;

further `ellipse`

from package **ellipse**
and `ellipsePoints`

from package **sfsmisc**.

`chull`

for the convex hull,
`clusplot`

which makes use of this; `cov.mve`

.

x <- rnorm(100) xy <- unname(cbind(x, rnorm(100) + 2*x + 10)) exy <- ellipsoidhull(xy) exy # >> calling print.ellipsoid() plot(xy) lines(predict(exy)) points(rbind(exy$loc), col = "red", cex = 3, pch = 13) exy <- ellipsoidhull(xy, tol = 1e-7, ret.wt = TRUE, ret.sq = TRUE) str(exy) # had small `tol', hence many iterations (ii <- which(zapsmall(exy $ wt) > 1e-6)) # only about 4 to 6 points round(exy$wt[ii],3); sum(exy$wt[ii]) # sum to 1

[Package *cluster* version 1.11.5 Index]