pairs.lmList {nlme}R Documentation

Pairs Plot of an lmList Object

Description

Diagnostic plots for the linear model fits corresponding to the x components are obtained. The form argument gives considerable flexibility in the type of plot specification. A conditioning expression (on the right side of a | operator) always implies that different panels are used for each level of the conditioning factor, according to a Trellis display. The expression on the right hand side of the formula, before a | operator, must evaluate to a data frame with at least two columns. If the data frame has two columns, a scatter plot of the two variables is displayed (the Trellis function xyplot is used). Otherwise, if more than two columns are present, a scatter plot matrix with pairwise scatter plots of the columns in the data frame is displayed (the Trellis function splom is used).

Usage

## S3 method for class 'lmList':
pairs(x, form, label, id, idLabels, grid, ...)

Arguments

x an object inheriting from class lmList, representing a list of lm objects with a common model.
form an optional one-sided formula specifying the desired type of plot. Any variable present in the original data frame used to obtain x can be referenced. In addition, x itself can be referenced in the formula using the symbol ".". Conditional expressions on the right of a | operator can be used to define separate panels in a Trellis display. The expression on the right hand side of form, and to the left of the | operator, must evaluate to a data frame with at least two columns. Default is ~ coef(.) , corresponding to a pairs plot of the coefficients of x.
label an optional character vector of labels for the variables in the pairs plot.
id an optional numeric value, or one-sided formula. If given as a value, it is used as a significance level for an outlier test based on the Mahalanobis distances of the estimated random effects. Groups with random effects distances greater than the 1-value percentile of the appropriate chi-square distribution are identified in the plot using idLabels. If given as a one-sided formula, its right hand side must evaluate to a logical, integer, or character vector which is used to identify points in the plot. If missing, no points are identified.
idLabels an optional vector, or one-sided formula. If given as a vector, it is converted to character and used to label the points identified according to id. If given as a one-sided formula, its right hand side must evaluate to a vector which is converted to character and used to label the identified points. Default is the innermost grouping factor.
grid an optional logical value indicating whether a grid should be added to plot. Default is FALSE.
... optional arguments passed to the Trellis plot function.

Value

a diagnostic Trellis plot.

Author(s)

Jose Pinheiro Jose.Pinheiro@pharma.novartis.com and Douglas Bates bates@stat.wisc.edu

See Also

lmList, pairs.lme, pairs.compareFits, xyplot, splom

Examples

fm1 <- lmList(distance ~ age | Subject, Orthodont)
# scatter plot of coefficients by gender, identifying unusual subjects
pairs(fm1, ~coef(.) | Sex, id = 0.1, adj = -0.5)    
# scatter plot of estimated random effects
## Not run: 
pairs(fm1, ~ranef(.))
## End(Not run)

[Package nlme version 3.1-80 Index]