pairs.lmList {nlme}  R Documentation 
Diagnostic plots for the linear model fits corresponding to the
x
components are obtained. The form
argument
gives considerable flexibility in the type of plot specification. A
conditioning expression (on the right side of a 
operator)
always implies that different panels are used for each level of the
conditioning factor, according to a Trellis display. The expression
on the right hand side of the formula, before a 
operator,
must evaluate to a data frame with at least two columns. If the data
frame has two columns, a scatter plot of the two variables is
displayed (the Trellis function xyplot
is used). Otherwise, if
more than two columns are present, a scatter plot matrix with
pairwise scatter plots of the columns in the data frame is displayed
(the Trellis function splom
is used).
## S3 method for class 'lmList': pairs(x, form, label, id, idLabels, grid, ...)
x 
an object inheriting from class lmList , representing
a list of lm objects with a common model.

form 
an optional onesided formula specifying the desired type of
plot. Any variable present in the original data frame used to obtain
x can be referenced. In addition, x itself
can be referenced in the formula using the symbol
"." . Conditional expressions on the right of a 
operator can be used to define separate panels in a Trellis
display. The expression on the right hand side of form , and to
the left of the  operator, must evaluate to a data frame with
at least two columns. Default is ~ coef(.) , corresponding to
a pairs plot of the coefficients of x .

label 
an optional character vector of labels for the variables in the pairs plot. 
id 
an optional numeric value, or onesided formula. If given as
a value, it is used as a significance level for an outlier
test based on the Mahalanobis distances of the estimated random
effects. Groups with random effects distances greater than the
1value percentile of the appropriate chisquare distribution
are identified in the plot using idLabels . If given as a
onesided formula, its right hand side must evaluate to a logical,
integer, or character vector which is used to identify points in the
plot. If missing, no points are identified.

idLabels 
an optional vector, or onesided formula. If given as a
vector, it is converted to character and used to label the
points identified according to id . If given as a
onesided formula, its right hand side must evaluate to a vector
which is converted to character and used to label the identified
points. Default is the innermost grouping factor.

grid 
an optional logical value indicating whether a grid should
be added to plot. Default is FALSE . 
... 
optional arguments passed to the Trellis plot function. 
a diagnostic Trellis plot.
Jose Pinheiro Jose.Pinheiro@pharma.novartis.com and Douglas Bates bates@stat.wisc.edu
lmList
,
pairs.lme
,
pairs.compareFits
,
xyplot
,
splom
fm1 < lmList(distance ~ age  Subject, Orthodont) # scatter plot of coefficients by gender, identifying unusual subjects pairs(fm1, ~coef(.)  Sex, id = 0.1, adj = 0.5) # scatter plot of estimated random effects ## Not run: pairs(fm1, ~ranef(.)) ## End(Not run)