builtins {base}R Documentation

Returns the Names of All Built-in Objects


Return the names of all the built-in objects. These are fetched directly from the symbol table of the R interpreter.


builtins(internal = FALSE)


internal a logical indicating whether only “internal” functions (which can be called via .Internal) should be returned.


builtins() returns an unsorted list of the objects in the symbol table, that is all the objects in the base environment. These are the built-in objects plus any that have been added subsequently when the base package was loaded. It is less confusing to use ls(baseenv(), all=TRUE).

builtins(TRUE) returns an unsorted list of the names of internal functions, that is those which can be accessed as .Internal(foo(args ...)) for foo in the list.


A character vector.

[Package base version 2.5.0 Index]