{grDevices}R Documentation

Control Multiple Devices


These functions provide control over multiple graphics devices.


dev.list() = dev.cur())
dev.prev(which = dev.cur()) = dev.cur())
dev.set(which =


which An integer specifying a device number


Only one device is the ‘active’ device: this is the device in which all graphics operations occur. There is a "null device" which is always open but is really a placeholder: any attempt to use it will open a new device specified by getOption("device")).

Devices are associated with a name (e.g., "X11" or "postscript") and a number in the range 1 to 63; the "null device" is always device 1. Once a device has been opened the null device is not considered as a possible active device. There is a list of open devices, and this is considered as a circular list not including the null device. and dev.prev select the next open device in the appropriate direction, unless no device is open. shuts down the specified (by default the current) device. If the current device is shut down and any other devices are open, the next open device is made current. It is an error to attempt to shut down device 1. shuts down all open graphics devices.

dev.set makes the specified device the active device. If there is no device with that number, it is equivalent to If which = 1 it opens a new device and selects that.


dev.cur returns the number and name of the active device, or 1, the null device, if none is active.
dev.list returns the numbers of all open devices, except device 1, the null device. This is a numeric vector with a names attribute giving the names, or NULL is there is no open device. and dev.prev return the number and name of the next / previous device in the list of devices. This will be the null device if and only if there are no open devices. returns the name and number of the new active device (after the specified device has been shut down).
dev.set returns the name and number of the new active device.

See Also

Devices, such as postscript, etc.

layout and its links for setting up plotting regions on the current device.


## Not run: 
## Unix-specific example
abline(0,1)# through the 1:10 points
abline(h=0, col="gray")# for the residual plot
dev.set(dev.prev()); close the two X devices
## End(Not run)

[Package grDevices version 2.5.0 Index]