grid {graphics}R Documentation

Add Grid to a Plot


grid adds an nx by ny rectangular grid to an existing plot.


grid(nx = NULL, ny = nx, col = "lightgray", lty = "dotted",
     lwd = par("lwd"), equilogs = TRUE)


nx,ny number of cells of the grid in x and y direction. When NULL, as per default, the grid aligns with the tick marks on the corresponding default axis (i.e., tickmarks as computed by axTicks). When NA, no grid lines are drawn in the corresponding direction.
col character or (integer) numeric; color of the grid lines.
lty character or (integer) numeric; line type of the grid lines.
lwd non-negative numeric giving line width of the grid lines.
equilogs logical, only used when log coordinates and alignment with the axis tick marks are active. Setting equilogs = FALSE in that case gives non equidistant tick aligned grid lines.


If more fine tuning is required, use abline(h = ., v = .) directly.


Murrell, P. (2005) R Graphics. Chapman & Hall/CRC Press.

See Also

plot, abline, lines, points.


grid(NA, 5, lwd = 2) # grid only in y-direction

## maybe change the desired number of tick marks:  par(lab=c(mx,my,7))
op <- par(mfcol = 1:2)
     plot(Sepal.Length, Sepal.Width, col = as.integer(Species),
          xlim = c(4, 8), ylim = c(2, 4.5), panel.first = grid(),
          main = "with(iris,  plot(...., panel.first = grid(), ..) )")
     plot(Sepal.Length, Sepal.Width, col = as.integer(Species),
          panel.first = grid(3, lty=1,lwd=2),
          main = "... panel.first = grid(3, lty=1,lwd=2), ..")

[Package graphics version 2.5.0 Index]