plot.default {graphics} | R Documentation |

Draw a scatter plot with “decorations” such as axes and titles in the active graphics window.

## Default S3 method: plot(x, y = NULL, type = "p", xlim = NULL, ylim = NULL, log = "", main = NULL, sub = NULL, xlab = NULL, ylab = NULL, ann = par("ann"), axes = TRUE, frame.plot = axes, panel.first = NULL, panel.last = NULL, asp = NA, ...)

`x, y` |
the `x` and `y` arguments provide the x and y
coordinates for the plot. Any reasonable way of defining the
coordinates is acceptable. See the function `xy.coords`
for details. |

`type` |
1-character string giving the type of plot desired. The
following values are possible, for details, see `plot` :
`"p"` for points, `"l"` for lines,
`"o"` for overplotted points and lines,
`"b"` , `"c"` ) for (empty if `"c"` ) points joined by lines,
`"s"` and `"S"` for stair steps and
`"h"` for histogram-like vertical lines. Finally,
`"n"` does not produce any points or lines. |

`xlim` |
the x limits (x1, x2) of the plot. Note that `x1 > x2`
is allowed and leads to a “reversed axis”. |

`ylim` |
the y limits of the plot. |

`log` |
a character string which contains `"x"` if the x axis
is to be logarithmic, `"y"` if the y axis is to be logarithmic
and `"xy"` or `"yx"` if both axes are to be logarithmic. |

`main` |
a main title for the plot, see also `title` . |

`sub` |
a sub title for the plot. |

`xlab` |
a label for the x axis, defaults to a description of `x` . |

`ylab` |
a label for the y axis, defaults to a description of `y` . |

`ann` |
a logical value indicating whether the default annotation (title and x and y axis labels) should appear on the plot. |

`axes` |
a logical value indicating whether both axes should be drawn on
the plot. Use graphical parameter `"xaxt"` or `"yaxt"`
to suppress just one of the axes. |

`frame.plot` |
a logical indicating whether a box should be drawn around the plot. |

`panel.first` |
an expression to be evaluated after the plot axes are set up but before any plotting takes place. This can be useful for drawing background grids or scatterplot smooths. |

`panel.last` |
an expression to be evaluated after plotting has taken place. |

`asp` |
the y/x aspect ratio, see `plot.window` . |

`...` |
other graphical parameters (see `par` and
section ‘Details’ below). |

Commonly used graphical parameters are:

`col`

- The colors for lines and points. Multiple colors can be specified so that each point can be given its own color. If there are fewer colors than points they are recycled in the standard fashion. Lines will all be plotted in the first colour specified.
`bg`

- a vector of background colors for open plot symbols, see
`points`

. Note: this is**not**the same setting as`par("bg")`

. `pch`

- a vector of plotting characters or symbols:
see
`points`

. `cex`

- a numerical vector giving the amount by which
plotting text and symbols should be scaled relative to the
default. This works as a multiple of
`par("cex")`

.`NULL`

and`NA`

are equivalent to`1.0`

. `lty`

- the line type, see
`par`

. `cex.main, col.lab, font.sub`

, etc- settings for main- and
sub-title and axis annotation, see
`title`

and`par`

. `lwd`

- the line width, see
`par`

.

Becker, R. A., Chambers, J. M. and Wilks, A. R. (1988)
*The New S Language*.
Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole.

Cleveland, W. S. (1985)
*The Elements of Graphing Data.*
Monterey, CA: Wadsworth.

Murrell, P. (2005) *R Graphics*. Chapman & Hall/CRC Press.

Speed <- cars$speed Distance <- cars$dist plot(Speed, Distance, panel.first = grid(8,8), pch = 0, cex = 1.2, col = "blue") plot(Speed, Distance, panel.first = lines(lowess(Speed, Distance), lty = "dashed"), pch = 0, cex = 1.2, col = "blue") ## Show the different plot types x <- 0:12 y <- sin(pi/5 * x) op <- par(mfrow = c(3,3), mar = .1+ c(2,2,3,1)) for (tp in c("p","l","b", "c","o","h", "s","S","n")) { plot(y ~ x, type = tp, main = paste("plot(*, type = \"",tp,"\")",sep="")) if(tp == "S") { lines(x,y, type = "s", col = "red", lty = 2) mtext("lines(*, type = \"s\", ...)", col = "red", cex=.8) } } par(op) ##--- Log-Log Plot with custom axes lx <- seq(1,5, length=41) yl <- expression(e^{-frac(1,2) * {log[10](x)}^2}) y <- exp(-.5*lx^2) op <- par(mfrow=c(2,1), mar=par("mar")+c(0,1,0,0)) plot(10^lx, y, log="xy", type="l", col="purple", main="Log-Log plot", ylab=yl, xlab="x") plot(10^lx, y, log="xy", type="o", pch='.', col="forestgreen", main="Log-Log plot with custom axes", ylab=yl, xlab="x", axes = FALSE, frame.plot = TRUE) my.at <- 10^(1:5) axis(1, at = my.at, labels = formatC(my.at, format="fg")) at.y <- 10^(-5:-1) axis(2, at = at.y, labels = formatC(at.y, format="fg"), col.axis="red") par(op)

[Package *graphics* version 2.5.0 Index]