print.trellis {lattice}R Documentation

Plot and Summarize Trellis Objects


The print and plot methods produce a graph from a "trellis" object. The print method is necessary for automatic plotting. plot method is essentially an alias, provided for convenience. The summary method gives a textual summary of the object. dim and dimnames describe the cross-tabulation induced by conditioning.


## S3 method for class 'trellis':
print(x, position, split,
      more = FALSE, newpage = TRUE,
      packet.panel = packet.panel.default, = NULL,
      panel.height = lattice.getOption("layout.heights")$panel,
      panel.width = lattice.getOption("layout.widths")$panel,
      save.object = lattice.getOption("save.object"),
## S3 method for class 'trellis':
plot(x, ...)

## S3 method for class 'trellis':
summary(object, ...)

## S3 method for class 'trellis':
## S3 method for class 'trellis':


x, object an object of class "trellis"
position a vector of 4 numbers, typically c(xmin, ymin, xmax, ymax) that give the lower-left and upper-right corners of a rectangle in which the Trellis plot of x is to be positioned. The coordinate system for this rectangle is [0-1] in both the x and y directions.
split a vector of 4 integers, c(x,y,nx,ny) , that says to position the current plot at the x,y position in a regular array of nx by ny plots. (Note: this has origin at top left)
more A logical specifying whether more plots will follow on this page.
newpage A logical specifying whether the plot should be on a new page. This option is specific to lattice, and is useful for including lattice plots in an arbitrary grid viewport (see the details section).
packet.panel a function that determines which packet (data subset) is plotted in which panel. Panels are always drawn in an order such that columns vary the fastest, then rows and then pages. This function determines, given the column, row and page and other relevant information, the packet (if any) which should be used in that panel. By default, the association is determnined by matching panel order with packet order, which is determined by varying the first conditioning variable the fastest, then the second, and so on. This association rule is encoded in the default, namely the function packet.panel.default, whose help page details the arguments supplied to whichever function is specified as the packet.panel argument. An optional (grid) viewport (used as the name argument in downViewport) in which the plot is to be drawn. If specified, the newpage argument is ignored. This feature is not well-tested.
panel.width, panel.height lists with 2 components, that should be valid x and units arguments to unit() (the data argument cannot be specified currently, but can be considered for addition if needed). The resulting unit object will be the width/height of each panel in the Lattice plot. These arguments can be used to explicitly control the dimensions of the panel, rather than letting them expand to maximize available space. Vector widths are allowed, and can specify unequal lengths across rows or columns.
Note that this option should not be used in conjunction with non-default values of the aspect argument in the original high level call (no error will be produced, but the resulting behaviour is undefined).
save.object logical, specifying whether the object being printed is to be saved. The last object thus saved can be subsequently retrieved. This is an experimental feature that should allow access to a panel's data after the plot is done, making it possible to enhance the plot after the fact. This also allows the user to invoke the update method on the current plot, even if it was not assigned to a variable explicitly. For more details, see trellis.focus.
prefix character string used as a prefix in viewport and grob names, used to distinguish similar viewports if a page contains multiple plots. The default is based on the serial number of the current plot on the current page (which is one more than the number of plots that have been drawn on the page before the current plot). If supplied explicitly, this has to be a valid R symbol name (briefly, it must start with a letter or a period followed by a letter) and must not contain the grid path separator (currently "::").
... extra arguments, ignored by the print method. All arguments to the plot method are passed on to the print method.


This is the default print method for objects of class "trellis", produced by calls to functions like xyplot, bwplot etc. It is usually called automatically when a trellis object is produced. It can also be called explicitly to control plot positioning by means of the arguments split and position.

When newpage = FALSE, the current grid viewport is treated as the plotting area, making it possible to embed a Lattice plot inside an arbitrary grid viewport. The argument provides an alternative mechanism that may be simpler to use.

The print method uses the information in x (the object to be printed) to produce a display using the Grid graphics engine. At the heart of the plot is a grid layout, of which the entries of most interest to the user are the ones containing the display panels.

Unlike in older versions of Lattice (and Grid), the grid display tree is retained after the plot is produced, making it possible to access individual viewport locations and make additions to the plot. For more details and a lattice level interface to these viewports, see trellis.focus.


Unlike S-PLUS, trying to position a multipage display (using position and/or split) will mess things up.


Deepayan Sarkar

See Also

Lattice, unit, update.trellis, trellis.focus, packet.panel.default


p11 <- histogram( ~ height | voice.part, data = singer, xlab="Height")
p12 <- densityplot( ~ height | voice.part, data = singer, xlab = "Height")
p2 <- histogram( ~ height, data = singer, xlab = "Height")

## simple positioning by split
print(p11, split=c(1,1,1,2), more=TRUE)
print(p2, split=c(1,2,1,2))

## Combining split and position:
print(p11, position = c(0,0,.75,.75), split=c(1,1,1,2), more=TRUE)
print(p12, position = c(0,0,.75,.75), split=c(1,2,1,2), more=TRUE)
print(p2, position = c(.5,.75,1,1), more=FALSE)

## Using seekViewport

## repeat same plot, with different polynomial fits in each panel
xyplot(Armed.Forces ~ Year, longley, index.cond = list(rep(1, 6)),
       layout = c(3, 2),
       panel = function(x, y, ...)
           panel.xyplot(x, y, ...)
           fm <- lm(y ~ poly(x, panel.number()))
           llines(x, predict(fm))

## Not run: 
grid::seekViewport(trellis.vpname("panel", 1, 1))
cat("Click somewhere inside the first panel:\n")
ltext(grid::grid.locator(), lab = "linear")
## End(Not run)

grid::seekViewport(trellis.vpname("panel", 1, 1))

grid::seekViewport(trellis.vpname("panel", 2, 1))

grid::seekViewport(trellis.vpname("panel", 3, 1))

grid::seekViewport(trellis.vpname("panel", 1, 2))
grid::grid.text("degree 4")

grid::seekViewport(trellis.vpname("panel", 2, 2))
grid::grid.text("degree 5")

grid::seekViewport(trellis.vpname("panel", 3, 2))
grid::grid.text("degree 6")

[Package lattice version 0.15-4 Index]