glob2rx {utils}R Documentation

Change Wildcard or Globbing Pattern into Regular Expression


Change wildcard aka globbing (or “ls” like) pattern into the corresponding regular expression (regexp).


glob2rx(pattern, trim.head = FALSE, trim.tail = TRUE)


pattern character vector
trim.head logical specifying if leading "^.*" should be trimmed from the result.
trim.tail logical specifying if trailing ".*$" should be trimmed from the result.


This takes a wildcard as used by most shells and returns an equivalent regular expression. ? is mapped to . (match a single character), * to .* (match any string, including an empty one), and the pattern is anchored (it must start at the beginning and end at the end). Optionally, the resulting regexp is simplified.


A character vector of the same length as the input pattern where each “wild card” is translated to the corresponding regular expression.


Martin Maechler, Unix/sed based version, 1991; current: 2004

See Also

regexp about regular expression, sub, etc about substitutions using regexps.


stopifnot(glob2rx("abc.*") == "^abc\\.",
          glob2rx("a?b.*") == "^a.b\\.",
          glob2rx("a?b.*", trim.tail=FALSE) == "^a.b\\..*$",
          glob2rx("*.doc") == "^.*\\.doc$",
          glob2rx("*.doc", trim.head=TRUE) == "\\.doc$",
          glob2rx("*.t*")  == "^.*\\.t",
          glob2rx("*.t??") == "^.*\\.t..$"

[Package utils version 2.5.0 Index]